Grace and Obedience: 'It's a Root and Fruit Issue'

Obedience and Grace

Grace and Obedience

I once heard a leading pastor of a “successful” evangelical church in a city preach the following: “We are saved by grace, but after that, it is all up to us.” This is a frightening proposition.

It is indicative of how poorly grace is understood and how much anxiety there is out there on the topic of obedience/disobedience, as if “grace” is a “get-out-of-obedience-free card.”

Let’s go with a “Reformation Protestant” “total depravity” perspective for the moment (not going to argue the finer points of that today)–there is nothing in our unregenerated state that seeks after God. There is nothing that desires to follow Him, etc. Finding no one in humanity faithful or trustworthy, He made a covenant with Himself, on our behalf. We weren’t involved in the transaction at all (Hebrews 6). Ok, so we go with that. Then what of our obedience? What is the source of our obedience? That means that whatever obedience we manifest must come from the new nature we have been given. The new nature is a gift of God to us when we believe. Therefore, our obedience is not our gift to God, it is His gift to us, and in us, the fruit of something we have been given.

In the Old Covenant, the terms of the covenant were (e.g.: Deu. 28): “If you do this, then I will bless you.” In the New Covenant, the terms of the covenant are: “I have blessed you in Christ by giving you new life, now go, and “do this”- live accordingly.” There are no “if-you, then I will,” clauses in the New Covenant promise of Jeremiah 31, quoted in Hebrews, but rather only eight “I wills” of God. This reflects Hebrews 6.

For me, grace is not a “thing,” a “judicial decree,” or merely a “forensic status.” It is the overflow of the interpenetrating life, love, truth, and power of the triune God into time and space, in union with my being. This includes being found righteous by faith in Christ. The lesser is included in the greater.  Grace is a quality of Christ’s being–John 1:14–Jesus was full of grace and truth. It wasn’t just grace “for others” or truth “for others.” That is not what the text says. Just let the text stand.  Grace and truth are the ethical substance of His being and the glory of God. Since Jesus didn’t need “unmerited favor from God” (the normal definition of grace), there has to be more to it that than. Grace is a substance of reality found in the interpenetrating love of the triune God.

It is contradictory to say that I have experientially entered into that triune life, love, and power and to have my life be characterized by indifference toward obedience. Because I have received his life, love, and power as a gift in the Person of the indwelling Spirit of the resurrected Christ, obedience is the logical ethical manifestation of the transaction. Yes, we start as babes and we grow in grace and obedience. But a good root produces good fruit, appropriate for the season of development of the plant.

The question is not an alleged grace-works tension issue or can’t the “Adamic nature” mimic conforming ethical behavior? Of course, yes. That happens all the time. I would say that often evangelicalism can degenerate into nothing more than a moralistic and therapeutic behavior management society, with Christ and His Spirit not involved at all. Yes, that can happen. But that is what discernment and the gift of discerning of spirits are for–to be able to detect the distinction between the aroma of Christ and the aroma of Adam trying really hard–even if outwardly the behavior looks the same. Adam loves to religiously perform to standard for acceptance by God and humanity. Only the new life granted by God will embrace the cross, die to its own desires, experience resurrection life, and manifest kingdom-aligned behavior.

The question is: Are you really converted? Are you a transformed, new creation being? Have you, by faith, become sharer in the life of the triune God?  If not, back up the discussion about “grace and obedience” to address more foundational issues.

Obedience doesn’t qualify me for God’s love. It proves I am in it. It is a root and fruit issue. In the new covenant, obedience is the fruit, not the root of my new life.



Copyright 2015,  Dr. Stephen R. Crosby, Permission is granted to copy, forward, or distribute this article for non-commercial use only, as long as this copyright byline, in totality, is maintained in all duplications, copies, and link references.  For reprint permission for any commercial use, in any form of media, please contact

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11 comments on “Grace and Obedience: 'It's a Root and Fruit Issue'

  1. Just asking, how is it that reformation protestant theology can say that there is NOTHING in humans that seeks after God? It says we are created in his image, is there nothing in there that would make us want to know about why and who is behind all this? Something doesn’t follow logically. I don’t have time now to expand on this, but I wanted to say this before I hit the days work and forget my thought.

    • I should have noted that I agree with the theology I read on these pages. I just came to this website and want to read more. Keep spreading the good word.

    • Hi Eric, I specifically mentioned I did not want to get in the details of Protestant “total depravity” theology to which I was making reference. I agree with you about the implications of image of God, but most Protestants, or at least the Calvinistic/Lutherian leaning would have issues with that because of “total depravity” and “bondage of the will” type of issues, that are simply way beyond the scope of this blog piece.

  2. Stephen, thank you for your reply. I do not want a debate, I was only expressing something about “total depravity” that has bothered me ever since it was presented to me as a teenager.. I come from a Mennonite background and believe the anabaptist view of Jesus is more coherent than traditional protestantism. I came to your blog through Michael Hardin who I count as a friend.

    • I understand Eric, I am not debating either. I wrote the piece rhetorically, specifically not wanting to go into all of that, but for the “assuming for the sake of the argument” in the piece, if one accepts the total depravity proposition, then certain things logically follow. My own views tend toward Anabaptist perspectives mixed with some GO perspectives.

  3. Stephen,
    Can you please tell me what GO stands for in your above response to Eric? Thank you for this ministry. I am learning so much.

  4. Yes, I like your highlighting that our New Covenant has a reverse order. OT: People follow Me and I will bless. NT: “I made a way, I am the Way. You have all blessings, while you stay on the road that leads to Me.”
    Also this order is more like the Garden, where they had no sin. “I have made you and this place, – for us to commune together. Let’s fellowship together, while you manage the garden.” The garden only existed for God’s provision. The Earth only existed, in perfection, to support the garden.

  5. Found myself emotional reading the last four sentences. I tried to conform and do ‘the right thing’ as a christian for over 4 years, then I was introduced to christocentric/new covenant teachings.

    Everytime I listen/read resources from this perspective I feel so relieved and dare I say it, free. Thank you for sharing your heart. Pray that I grasp Gods grace one day

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